Journal of Best Practices in Health Professions Diversity: Research, Education and Policy

Edited by Dr. Peggy Valentine, Winston-Salem State University

Journal of Best Practices in Health Professions Diversity: Research, Education, and Policy, vol. 11 issue 1

Frequency: Spring and Fall

Latest Issue: Volume 11, Number 1, Spring 2018

Size: 7.25 x 9.5

Bibliographic Information: ISSN: 2475-2843


The Journal of Best Practices in Health Professions Diversity is a publication from the School of Health Sciences at Winston-Salem State University. Its mission is to provide a forum for the discussion of factors that promote or constrain the development and sustainability of a diverse health professions workforce. The journal is directed toward educators, policy makers and the health community. It is a bi-annual published source of information on maximizing recruitment and retention of culturally diverse health professions and students in the healthcare professional areas. For more information visit the School of Health Sciences at Winston-Salem State University’s web page for the journal.

logos for Winston-Salem State University and the National Association of Medical Minority Educators, Inc.Dr. Peggy Valentine is Dean and Professor of the School of Health Sciences at Winston-Salem State University.

The journal is sponsored by the National Association of Medical Minority Educators and the North Carolina Alliance for Health Professions Diversity.

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Individual price – $79.00 (order online)
Institutional price – $99.00

All new subscriptions will begin with the next issue. To begin with the current issue, please call Suzi Waters.
Please call or email for assistance in ordering Institutional or Student subscriptions.
Contact: Suzi Waters at or 919–962–4201



Peggy Valentine, EdD, FASAHP,  Winston-Salem State University

Acting Managing Editor & Art/Layout Editor

Elijah Onsomu, MPH, PhD, CHES, Winston-Salem State University

Associate Editor

JoAnne Banks, PhD, RN, Winston-Salem State University

Assistant to the Acting Managing Editor

Lakisha Crews, MS

Copy Editor

Julie Edelson, PhD, Wake Forest University

Editorial Board

Leslie Allison, PT, PhD, Winston-Salem State University
Stephen Aragon, PhD, Winston-Salem State University
JoAnne Banks, PhD, RN, Winston-Salem State University
Elizabeth Brown, PhD, Tennessee State University
Lenora Campbell, PhD, RN, North Carolina A&T State University
Vera Campbell, PhD, Hampton University
Lee Caplan, PhD, Morehouse School of Medicine
Cheryl Davis, DHA, Tuskegee University
Vanessa Duren-Robinson, PhD, MS, Winston-Salem State University
Christopher Edwards, PhD, BCIAC, IABMCP, Duke University Medical Center
Cynthia Hughes Harris, PhD, Florida A&M University
Denisha L. Hendricks, PhD, Kentucky State University
Owen Johnson, DrPH, Tennessee State University
Francis Abuga Ndemo, PhD, Hampton University
Elijah Onsomu, PhD, MPH, MS, MCHES, Winston-Salem State University
Shelly Powers, PA-C, MC, Howard University
Joan Reede, MD, Harvard University
Peggy Valentine, EdD, FASAHP, Winston-Salem State University
Ellen Yancey, PhD, Morehouse School of Medicine
Bernadette Williams York, PT, DSC, GCS, Alabama State University


Cedric Bright, MD, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Lester Brigman, DNP
Doris Boutain, PhD, RN, University of Washington
Vivian Carter, PhD, MHR, Tuskegee University
Robin Dock, PhD, LPC, LPC-S, ACS, CRC, Winston-Salem State University
Deana Evans, PhD, University of North Carolina at Charlotte
John L. Garland, PhD, BCC, GCDF, Alabama State University
Susan Hall, RNC, MSN, Winston-Salem State University
Mark Hand, PhD, RN, Durham Technical Community College
Jennifer Johnson, DNP, University of North Carolina at Charlotte
Jennifer Jones-Locklear, University of North Carolina at Pembroke
Kimya Nance, PhD, RN, Winston-Salem State University
TaKasha Railey, RN, MSN, CCRN, Winston-Salem State University

Table of Contents

Spring 2018: Volume 11, Number 1

Editor’s Foreword

Overcoming the Challenges that Licensure Examinations Place on Diversity
Peggy Valentine, EdD, FASAHP

NAMME President’s Foreword

Pushing the Envelope — in the Right Direction
Charles N. Collier, Jr., MS

Original Research

Broadening Diversity in Medicine: Outcomes of the Drexel Pathway to Medical School Post-Baccalaureate Medical Science Program
Christina Cestone, PhD
Donna Russo, PhD
Linda Berardi-Demo, EdD
Valerie Weber, MD
Michael White, PhD
Jed Shumsky, PhD
Doug Baird, PhD
Loretta Walker, PhD
Ana Núñez, MD

Examining the Relationship between Mindfulness, Perceived Stress, and Blood Pressure in African-American College Students
Ronda Wright, DNP, MSN, FNP-C
Kristina Roberson, DNP, MSN, MPA, APRN, NP-C
Elijah O. Onsomu, PhD, MPH, MS, MCHES
Yolanda Johnson, DNP, NP-C
Cathy Dearman, PhD, RN, CNS
Loneke T. Blackman Carr, PhD, RD
Amanda Alise Price, PhD
Vanessa Duren-Winfield, PhD, MS

Usability of Alzheimer’s mHealth Applications
Janetta Brown, PhD(c)
Hyung Nam Kim, PhD

Pilot Study

Examining Diversity Offices in Medical Education
Joseph A. Chen, MS
José E. Rodríguez, MD
Kendall M. Campbell, MD

Case Study

Increasing Diversity in the Physical Therapy Profession by Addressing Deficiencies in the Performance of African Americans on the National Physical Therapy Examination
Revenda Greene, PT, DPT, PhD
Spiridon Karavatas, PT, DPT, PhD

Special Report

Racism is Still a Problem in Healthcare’s C-Suite: Efforts Aimed at Boosting Diversity in Healthcare Leadership Fail to Make Progress
Shelby Livingstone, MS

Perspective on Diversity and Inclusion

My Reflection on Diversity
Jerono P. Rotich, PhD

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